- Breed group — Non-Sporting Group (American Kennel Club)
- Height — 10 inches to 15 inches tall at the shoulder
- Weight — Between 12 and 20 pounds
- Coat length & texture — Curly and dense hair that requires regular grooming
- Coat colors — Blue, gray, silver, brown, cafe-au-lait, apricot, black, white and cream
- Exercise needs — High
- Intelligence — High
- Barking — Moderate
- Life span — 12 to 15 years
- Temperament — Highly dedicated to owners and willing to please
- Hypoallergenic — Yes
- Origin — Germany
Miniature poodle fun facts
- Poodles were first developed in Germany. The poodle’s name is derived from the German word “pudelin,” which refers to splashing in the water.
- American icons owned poodles. Elvis was a fan of the Poodle and gifted many to his girlfriends. Other famous poodle parents include Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, and others.
- They’re considered one of the smartest breeds. According to canine psychologist Stanley Coren’s list of highly intelligent working breeds, the poodle is regarded as the second smartest dog breed.
Miniature poodle temperament and characteristics
The miniature poodle is a charming and lively breed that has become a beloved household pet. Known for their intelligence, agility, and stylish, curly coats, these dogs are an excellent choice for families with other pets.
Regarding kids, miniature poodles are patient and affectionate, making them great companions. However, the miniature poodle can be high-strung, so it’s best to supervise them with small children. As for cats and other animals, they usually get along well with them as long as they have been trained and socialized from an early age. When it comes to visitors, these dogs are generally polite and friendly.
The miniature Ppodle is adaptable and can do well in small apartments with enough exercise. They are an active breed and require daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. This breed is an excellent choice for anyone seeking a loyal and affectionate addition to their household.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) breed standard describes the poodle as a dog that should carry themself proudly, and the mini is no exception. This breed is characterized as very active and intelligent and has an air of distinction and dignity.
Miniature poodle appearance and characteristics
Miniature poodles are known for their luxurious and curly coats which come in various colors. They also have recognizably beautiful facial features, such as large eyes and small ears, that set them apart from other breeds.
Miniature poodles typically have a shorter muzzle compared to standard poodles, though larger than that of the toy poodle. The AKC’s breed standard states that both the general appearance and color of purebred poodles should adhere to the following criteria:
- General appearance. Squarely built, well-proportioned, soundly moving, and proudly carrying self is how the standard describes the poodle. Clipped in traditional fashion and carefully groomed with an air of distinction is acceptable.
- Color. Solid colors including black, white, blue, gray, silver, brown, cafe-au lait, apricot, and cream are deemed acceptable if shown in the conformation ring. Poodles can also come in “parti-color” (or a combination of two or more colors).
Common miniature poodle health problems
Miniature poodles can be prone to certain health issues. Common health risks for miniature Poodles include skin allergies, eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) , and ear infections. Regular checkups with your veterinarian are important for monitoring your pup’s health and allowing early detection and treatment of any potential issues that may arise. It is also crucial for miniature poodle owners to be aware of common health issues associated with the breed, such as luxating patellas . Below are some other potential health issues miniature poodle owners should have on their radar.
- Cushing’s disease. There are three varieties of Cushing’s disease, the most widespread being pituitary-dependent (PD). In this form, dogs develop a slow-growing tumor in the pituitary gland that causes the adrenal glands to overproduce cortisol due to an excessive amount of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).
- Sebaceous adenitis . This skin disorder is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. It has been suggested that this disease may have a genetic component, although it is not yet known how it is inherited.
- Progressive retinal atrophy. PRA encompasses a range of diseases that degrade the structures of the retina located in the back of the eye. These pathologies cause a gradual deterioration of retinal cells, typically leading to blindness. Miniature poodles are affected more often than standards.
- Idiopathic epilepsy. Many types of poodles are often affected by a hereditary condition known as idiopathic epilepsy. This disorder can range from mild seizures to more severe episodes, which may include unusual behavior such as running around in a panicked manner.
- Patellar luxation. Patellar luxation is a disorder in which the kneecap becomes dislodged and moves out of its normal position, affecting many small breeds of dogs, including miniature poodles.
Caring for miniature poodles
Purchasing a purebred miniature poodle puppy typically costs between $600 to $2,000 from a breeder. Prices can vary depending on the quality of the dog, its pedigree, and other factors. Dogs adopted from shelters and breed rescues may cost less and are worth researching as many of these groups are Poodle ambassadors. They may also have puppies available.
The health issues affecting your mini poodle may become expensive as some treatment plans are ongoing and life-long. Regarding the expected or unexpected, pet insurance can also help pet owners manage ongoing health issues like allergies. Signing up your canine buddy early on is the best plan of attack. No insurance covers pre-existing conditions.
At the worst, get a plan at least one month after adopting a new mini poodle puppy. And always have a budget set aside for emergencies, as well as a pet savings account.
History of the miniature poodle
The poodle first originated as a duck-hunting dog in Germany, but the French have since adopted the breed as the national dog of their country. The poodle has been employed as a hunting retriever and later as a circus performer in both countries for centuries.
The poodle’s name is derived from the German “pudelin,” which refers to splashing in the water. The French call the breed the caniche, which means “duck dog”. Standard poodles have been used as working dogs in the military since the 17th century and were chosen as working dogs for World War I and WWII.
As poodles became more beloved, they began to be bred down in size as popular companions and even performers in circuses. This led to the development of the miniature poodle and toy poodle, and today the three sizes are recognized as distinct breeds by the AKC.
Poodles are known for being masters at obedience, and they are also employed as hunters, herders, carting dogs, truffle hunters, and shine in the dog show ring. Poodles are also used as guide dogs, assistance dogs for people with other physical disabilities, and therapy dogs.
Caring for your miniature poodle
Caring for a new puppy of any breed can be overwhelming. You’ll need to make your first trip to the vet and schedule your dog’s vaccinations. Also, talk with your vet about worm and parasite control or preventative treatment, as dewormers are essential. We can even help you puppy-proof your home and prepare for teething.
Owners of miniature poodles should expect to pay for regular grooming to maintain the breed’s signature look. These dogs have coats that resemble lamb wool and require daily brushing to prevent tangles and mats from forming. Every six weeks or so, your poodle will need a trim.
Here are some other basics specific to the miniature poodle.
Miniature poodles are an energetic, smart breed that loves showing off tricks, going on long treks, and even swimming with their people. To stay healthy, content, and mentally stimulated, they need approximately 60 minutes of exercise daily, including walking, playing games, and engaging in activities.
Prospective poodle parents should be aware that exercise is an important part of living with this breed, as they were originally bred as active sporting dogs and retain much of that energy today.
Regular grooming is essential to keeping miniature poodles looking their best. Daily brushing and a trim every six weeks will help maintain their luxurious coats and ensure optimal results! Other grooming services like nail trimming, ear cleaning, and teeth brushing may be needed for your Poodle. It’s also important to talk to your vet about whether or not anal sac expression is necessary.
Their coats are non-shedding, and most owners find the shorter clips easier to maintain than the continental clip seen in the show ring. This clip began to keep the dog warm during the cold weather. The tufts of hair over the joints and torsos insulate them in the cold water.
Diet and nutrition
Feed poodles a high-quality, balanced diet with good-quality protein. If you’re ever confused about what to feed your dog, you should always consult your vet for details. There is little to no difference in the nutritional needs of the different-sized poodles. The main difference is in portioning.
Your miniature poodle’s meals should be adjusted based on their activity, and pet owners must watch their pet’s weight, as obesity can be an issue in dogs with poor diets or exercise routines.
Your Poodle must receive the proper amounts of essential vitamins and minerals. Most commercial diets are formulated to standards set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials. Be sure to check with your veterinarian if you have any questions about the diet you plan to feed.
Training your miniature poodle
Poodles’ intelligence and eagerness to please make them easy to train. The poodle even ranked as the second smartest breed according to Stanley Cohen’s well-known 1994 canine intelligence test.
Given Poodles are intelligent dogs, daily 15-minute training sessions are recommended by experts. These need to be frequent enough to build on the previous session.
Breeds similar to the miniature poodle
Is a miniature poodle right for you? Even if you are, it’s worth taking the time to research and consider other similar breeds.
Here are a few similar breeds to get you started:
- Bichon Frise. The bichon frise is a small breed beloved for its playful personality and white, fluffy fur. They are unique because they form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on attention and affection.
- Maltese. Maltese are also known for their long, silky white coats and friendly personalities. Like the poodle, the Maltese is an intelligent breed with a playful and affectionate nature.
- Havanese. Havanese dogs are incredibly playful and lively, making them very popular in families. They share many characteristics of the mini poodle, such as intelligence, loyalty, and a love for learning tricks.
Frequently asked questions
What is the average size of a miniature poodle?
There are three sizes of poodles – toy, miniature, and standard. The average size of a miniature poodle is 10-15 inches tall and weighs 12-20 pounds.
How long do miniature poodles live?
On average, a healthy Miniature Poodle will live between 12 to 15 years.
Are miniature poodles hypoallergenic?
Poodles are considered a “hypoallergenic breed” because they have hair instead of fur and produce less dander, which is the cause of most pet allergies. However, no breed of dog is 100% hypoallergenic, so prospective pet parents should take that into consideration as well.
Do miniature poodles need grooming?
Yes, regular grooming is necessary for all types of poodles to keep their coats and skin healthy and prevent the matting and tangling of their hair.
Are miniature poodles good family pets?
Due to their intelligence and friendly personalities, miniature poodles make great family pets and can even be trained to perform tricks or participate in agility competitions!