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A Siamese cat lying down

A lot goes into choosing the ideal cat breed for your family. There are several factors you’ll need to consider as a responsible pet owner before you ever consider bringing your feline friend home, including personality.

Breed differences between cats may not always be as extreme as those between dogs, but there’s still a lot of breed-specific information that future cat owners should know about.

Whether you’re thinking about getting a tabby, a sphynx, or a Siamese, you should research how your dream cat operates and how to best care for them.

Thankfully, we’re here to help make your cat breed education efforts easier.

Below, our team of animal experts from betterpet will delve into everything you need to know about Siamese cat personalities.

We’ll also explore other essential information cat owners should know about this stellar breed, including key physical characteristics, health information, general care needs, and more.

The essentials

  • Siamese cats are social with affectionate personalities — However, this breed is known to be needy.
  • The breed is susceptible to various health issues — They can still live very long, happy lives with proper vet care.
  • Siamese cats are smart and mischievous — Don’t worry, they should behave with training and enough mental stimulation.

A brief history of Siamese cats

Siamese cats became a favored breed around the world after people exported them from Thailand in the 19th century when it was still called Siam.

Today, cat-loving families around the globe are happy to have a Siamese as part of their household.

This ancient cat breed is even popular among some major celebrities, including James Dean, John Lennon, Kesha, and Syd Barrett. The last of whom even wrote a song inspired by his cat, entitled “Lucifer Sam”.

People love Siamese cats due to their beautiful appearance, intellect, and loving temperament. But people also love them because they gave us a wide assortment of other amazing cat breeds.

For example, Burmese, Balinese, Tonkinese, ocicats, and Savannahs all descended from Siamese cats.

But this breed’s history is only one of the many reasons people love them.

Siamese cats: Key breed information for cat owners

We’ll explore all of the essential information about the breed’s personality, temperament, and intelligence later, along with several other factors pet owners should know about.

But first, we’d argue that there’s a lot of other important information that future cat owners should know before deciding whether a Siamese cat is the right breed for them.

Siamese cat looking at camera

Knowing about the care needs and health requirements is an important part of choosing a breed, along with other important factors like their personality and temperament.

For example:

  • Your home. Are they the right size for your living situation?
  • Your schedule. Do you have enough time to give them the attention they need?
  • Your care capabilities. How much grooming do they need?

You’ll want to have this information long before you ever bring a Siamese (or any) cat into your home. So, let’s explore what you need to know.

Appearance and key features

Adult Siamese cats typically feature long, lean frames with slim, though very strong, bodies that are more muscular than they appear.

Their body sports long, slim legs, along with dainty paws and a thin tail that tapers to a fine point. Siamese cats also feature flat skulls with large, pointed ears, wedge-shaped muzzles, and long slender necks.

Siamese kittens are born with cream or white-colored fur. They later develop darker points, which gives them the breed’s signature appearance.

Keep in mind that there are multiple types of Siamese cats, and each type will feature a slightly different appearance.

Size, height, and weight

The Siamese is a medium size cat breed, much like Abyssinians, American shorthairs, munchkins, and Persians.

Siamese kitten

They average between 8 to 10 inches tall and 12 to 14 inches long. Males weigh between 10 and 12 pounds on average, while female males typically weigh slightly less, between 8 to 11 pounds.

Eyes and coat

Siamese cats are one of the more recognizable breeds due to their unique colorpoint, or “pointed” coats, which gives them darkened fur on their legs, tail, ears, and face.

Some fans of the breed describe their facial markings as masquerade-like and note that it gives them a cool, mysterious appearance. However, the starkness of their pointed coloring varies between Siamese cat types as well as individuals.

This means some will have more prominent coat colorations, while others will be less distinct and may even be difficult to identify as Siamese cats.

The breed is classified as “natural,” meaning their coat color and pattern comes from a genetic mutation. The breed features four distinct coat colors, including blue point, lilac point, seal point, and chocolate point.

Aside from their gorgeous coat colorations, a large part of what makes Siamese cats so popular is their almond-shaped eyes, which are always a striking blue because of their genetics.

Grooming requirements

Siamese cats are a hypoallergenic, short-coated breed that doesn’t often shed. These factors make them relatively low-maintenance, especially when compared to other breeds like Himalayans and Persians.

As a general rule, Siamese owners should brush their cat’s coat weekly with a gentle brush or comb to remove loose hairs and keep their fur healthy. The breed doesn’t typically require regular baths — you only need to bathe them if their coat gets exceptionally dirty.

Siamese cats should also have their nails trimmed every 10 to 14 days to discourage scratching and keep their claws at peak health. Having ample scratching posts or other scratch-friendly areas for them to use can also help keep their claws short (and keep them from using your furniture instead!)

To keep their teeth healthy, Siamese owners should also brush their teeth regularly using a quality brand of pet toothpaste.

Dietary and nutrition needs

It’s essential to give your cat age-appropriate food, along with proper amounts of food each day. A proper diet will help them maintain their energy levels and avoid weight problems.

Young Siamese cat laying down

While breed-specific cat food is available, it’s not necessary. Just be sure you give them quality cat food that provides the protein and nutrients they need, and avoid foods that are toxic to them.

Health information and life expectancy

Unfortunately, Siamese cats are susceptible to a wide range of common health problems, much like other pets. Some of the health issues that the breed is more likely to face are:

  • Heart diseases. Including congenital heart defects.
  • Dental diseases. Including gum disease.
  • Lung issues. Including infections and bronchial diseases.
  • Eye issues. Including progressive retinal atrophy, which may cause loss of vision.
  • Obesity. Along with various weight-related health issues.

It’s important to take your Siamese in for yearly vet checkups to stay on top of any conditions they might develop and ensure they get any treatments they need to recover.

The average life expectancy of a Siamese cat is around 12 to 15 years old if they live an indoor life. Though some can live for up to 20 or even 25 years, giving them one of the longest lifespans out of all cat breeds.

Siamese cat temperament and personality traits

Now that you understand the physical characteristics, health information, and basic care needs of Siamese cats, we can explore some of the other major characteristics that prospective Siamese owners should know about.

Overall, Siamese cats are a highly playful and energetic breed, making them an ideal companion for people who want to spend a lot of time having fun with their fuzzy new friend.

Due to their affectionate and playful nature, Siamese cats also make excellent pets for families with children. When raised alongside kids, the cats can quickly develop a deep bond that leads to lifelong loyalty and friendship.

Siamese cat looking away

However, the breed’s playful energy can quickly turn into rambunctious behavior. This is especially so if your cat is left to their own devices for too long and doesn’t have enough mental stimulation to keep themselves sufficiently entertained.

When bored, Siamese cats are quite mischievous and have no qualms about getting into or playing with things you’d prefer they didn’t.


While all cats are independent to a degree, Siamese cats typically lean towards the “less independent” end of the spectrum due to their highly social nature.

Because of this, the breed does better in homes where someone will be around often and where they won’t be alone for long. They also do better when they have another pet to spend time with, so taking in two Siamese cats instead of one is often a good idea.

Siamese cats are also highly affectionate and crave attention, whether that’s in the form of playtime or a series of extended cuddle sessions throughout the day.

Potential Siamese owners should keep in mind that their need for attention often triggers needy — or downright clingy — behavior. So, if you’re someone who wants a cat that’s happy on its own and enjoys solitude, a Siamese cat probably isn’t the breed for you.


Siamese cats are a highly intelligent breed, making them easier to train than many other cats. Their intelligence and agile bodies also make these cats ideal for agility competitions.

That said, their intelligence does require some consideration before bringing a Siamese cat home.

For example, Siamese cats are naturally smart. So they need a lot of mental stimulation to prevent boredom and mischief. If left to entertain themselves, these cats can learn to turn on faucets, open cabinets, and become destructive.

Regular playtime and access to lots of toys, cat trees, or even an exercise wheel are ideal.

Once again, we want to emphasize the importance of making time in your daily schedule to meet the breed’s unique needs. If you can’t, you’ll want to consider another cat type entirely.

Protective behavior

While Siamese cats are highly affectionate animals, they’re also extremely territorial over the people they love, along with any space they see as theirs. They can also be downright assertive compared to other cat breeds.

Sometimes these territorial tendencies can boil over into small acts of aggression, especially if a Siamese becomes too angry, fearful, or frustrated.

Fortunately, you shouldn’t encounter many aggression issues if you socialize your cat and give it enough attention.


When it comes to memorable characteristics of Siamese cats, most people are likely going to point out their gorgeous coats and eye colors. That said, they’ll likely follow up with something about how much the breed loves to talk.

Siamese cats are born conversationalists and will vocalize regularly (and loudly) to get their owner’s attention. Sometimes they’ll even meow for no apparent reason.

While not every Siamese cat is a constant chatterbox, the odds are that they’ll be at least a bit of a talker.

Is a Siamese cat the right breed for you?

There are a lot of important factors to consider when deciding whether a Siamese is an ideal cat for your lifestyle and care capabilities.

A Siamese cat watching rain

As a baseline, Siamese cat owners need to have plenty of time in their daily schedule for play and cuddles. You’ll also need to maintain a semi-regular grooming schedule to keep your cat happy and healthy.

Owners also shouldn’t be away from the house for too long or should be willing to take on a second pet so the cat has someone to spend time with.

Because of their size, they also don’t need much space to live and thrive. Meaning they’ll do well whether they live in a large house or a small apartment as long as they have what they need to stay entertained.

Learn more about essential cat information with betterpet

Siamese cats make amazing pets that anyone would be lucky to have as part of their household.

That said, their unique needs and characteristics won’t fit the capabilities and lifestyles of every family. As such, it’s essential to consider the above information before you bring one of these cats home.

If you want access to even more great information on how to be a responsible cat owner, check out our other great resources at You can also check out our list of more of the best cat breeds fit for every pet owner if you want to weigh your options.

We have a wide range of posts covering everything from essential pet care guides to pet product recommendations and beyond. Check out our website today to see what we have to offer and consider signing up for our email newsletter for regular updates!